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Alder Buckthorn (Rhamnus alnus)

   Alder Buckthorn (Rhamnus alnus, Frangula alnus), fam. Rhamnaceae.
   A small tree or shrub, occurs in moderately shady places of the forest. The name gives a clue about its fragile shoots. The inconspicuous flowers appear in May; black fruit ripen in July.
   A toxic plant (especially its unripe fruits), also medicinal. The fruits (no more that 10) or bark decoction are used as an effective laxative. But its preparation has a nuance: unlike most plant remedies, which are desirable to use fresh, it is the opposite for buckthorn. During the first year of storage the harmful vomit-inducing substances gradually ruin, and only then the bark may be used.

Alder Buckthorn (Rhamnus alnus) Alder Buckthorn (Rhamnus alnus) Alder Buckthorn (Rhamnus alnus) Alder Buckthorn (Rhamnus alnus) Alder Buckthorn (Rhamnus alnus) Alder Buckthorn (Rhamnus alnus)